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  • 2014中山七校高考英语模拟联考试卷(有答案)

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    2014中山七校高考英语模拟联考试卷(有答案)
    本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分,共10页,满分135分。考试用时120分钟。
    注意事项:
    1.答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号填写在答题卡上。用2B铅笔将答题卡试卷类型填涂在答题卡上。在答题卡右上角的“试室号”和“座位号”栏填写试室号、座位号,并用2B铅笔将相应的试室号、座位号信息点涂黑。
    2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。
    3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。
    4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁,考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回
    第一部分   语言知识及应用(共两节,满分45分)
    第一节 完形填空(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
      阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从1~15小题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
    Teaching my first child, Danae, to share her toys was the biggest challenge. To    1   this, we started inviting other children to play, which could help Danae discover that it’s fun to share with others — a lesson I needed to   2    myself as well, as it   3   .
    One evening Danae had    4    a friend, Natalie, to play with her. Their favorite was a children’s card game called Go Fish. That evening, after Natalie left, Danae came to me and said, “Mommy, I’d like to give these to Natalie tomorrow. They’re her favorites.”
    She held up three cards from the Go Fish game. I tried to   5     that I didn’t want her to give them away because then our   6    wouldn’t be complete. “But I really want her to have them!” Danae    7  . I thought perhaps she didn’t understand that when she gave something away, it was gone    8   . So I tried again, saying, “Once you give the cards to her, you can’t   9   them back tomorrow.”
    A look of   10   came over Danae’s face. For a moment I was happy that she seemed to   11   . But then she smiled and said. “Well, that’s okay; I want her to have them anyway.”
        What could I say to that? I sat   12    for a moment and then I realized I had been trying for so long to ask her to share. Did it   13   that our Go Fish set would be   14   ? What mattered was that my daughter was learning the   15    of giving, that she was thinking about others instead of herself, and that she was trying to make her friends happy. Isn’t that what life is all about?
     1.A.achieve B.apply C.receive D.get
     2.A.design B.know C.create D.review
     3.A.turned up B.turned away C.turned to D.turned out
     4.A.begged B.encouraged C.invited D.found
     5.A.suggest B.explain C.respond D.teach
     6.A.thing B.card C.set D.toy
     7.A.recommended B.insisted            C.announced D.cried
     8.A.surely B.suddenly C.forever D.indeed
     9.A.ask for B.call for C.look for D.care of
    10.A.surprise B.concern C.delight D.satisfaction
    11.A.understand B.accept C.refuse D.doubt
    12.A.sadly B.angrily C.quietly D.slowly
    13.A.work B.mean C.remind D.matter
    14.A.incomplete B.lost C.limited D.gone
    15.A.content    B.usefulness        C.way         D.joy
    第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
       阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为16~25的相应位置上。
      The broken English used by a Chinese journalist aroused attention of the public on English learning in China. Actually, “Chinglish”  16  (contribute) 5% to 20% of newly added English words since 1994. The Chinglish expression “long time no see” has become  17  standard English phrase. There is even a “Save Chinglish” group on the Facebook website,    18  has attracted over 8,000 members and lists more than 2,500 examples of Chinglish. The phrase “good good study, day day up”    19  (invent) by the Chinese has become a famous Chinglish sentence. When Chinese people said in a humor manner that hearing Chinglish is like receiving an electric shock, native English speakers launched a campaign __20___(save) Chinglish. In the eyes of these foreigners, Chinglish is the    21  (wonder) result of an English dictionary mixing with Chinese grammar. However, there are fears __22____ Chinglish could be killed off because some people are worried that Chinglish may embarrass foreign visitors. As for attitudes   23 Chinglish, some foreigners do not think that Chinglish makes serious mistakes. In their eyes, a language will be absolutely affected by its users whether or not ____24____ native speakers approve.  25 (生硬的)rigid translation confuses foreigners who have just arrived in China, for foreigners familiar with the Chinese culture, it is an interesting phenomenon caused by cultural differences.
    第二部分:阅读(共两节,满分50分)
    第一节: 阅读理解 (共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
      阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
    A
    In October 2010, I left my hometown and family in Virginia and moved to Iowa so I could be coached by Liang Chow. I'd been dreaming of an Olympic gold medal since I was eight — but gradually, that dream seemed like a million miles away.
    On January 2, 2012, while Mom was visiting me in Iowa, I told her, “I don't like gymnastics anymore. I want to try dancing, or become a singer. I can get a job in Virginia. I just want to come home.”
    Mom's eyes narrowed and her expression turned to stone. “You're breaking my heart, Brie,” she said. “You've been doing gymnastics for ten years, and now you want to quit? Have you lost your mind?”
    I hadn't lost my mind, but I had lost my fire. It's an entirely different thing to push toward that dream when you feel alone.
    “I'm not trying to break your heart, Mom,” I said. “I just don't want to do it anymore.”
    “I know you miss home. But you've signed a contract that says you will represent your country to the best of your ability. You've got a responsibility to your teammates. And now you just want to walk away? I will not let you be dishonorable. If you don't like gymnastics, then at the very least, you will finish the season.”
    The next afternoon as I dragged myself into Chow's gym, I thought of the efforts Mom had made in order to pay for my training. I thought of my two sisters: Arielle, who gave up ballroom dancing, and Joyelle, who stopped ice skating so that our single mom could afford to keep me in gymnastics.
    For now, here's what you need to know: Exactly 210 days before I ever attempted my first vault (跳跃) in the London Summer Olympics, my leap of faith came this close to ending in a crash of disaster.
    26. The author wanted to give up gymnastics because _____.
    A. she thought she loved music more
    B. she was overcome with homesickness 
    C. an Olympic gold was beyond her reach
    D. the training for the Olympics was too hard
    27. How did the author's mother feel on hearing her words?
    A. Heart-broken.    B. Sympathetic.     C. Helpless.     D. Calm.
    28. We can infer from the passage that the author _____. 
    A. was born into an athletic family        B. realized her Olympic dream
    C. changed her mind in the end          D. had a bad childhood  
    29. What would be the best title for the passage?
    A. A dream come true    B. My leap of faith     C. My mother     D. A quitter
    30. Who will be interested in the passage?
    A. A medical student who will graduate from university.            
    B. A healthcare professional who will give a lecture on cancer.
    C. A marketing professional who is looking for customers.
    D. A gymnastic player who wants to give up competition.
    B
    People are being lured (引诱) onto Facebook with the promise of a fun, free service without realizing they’re paying for it by giving up large amounts of personal information. Facebook then attempts to make money by selling their data to advertisers that want to send targeted messages.
      Most Facebook users don’t realize this is happening. Even if they know what the company is up to, they still have no idea what they’re paying for Facebook because people don’t really know what their personal data is worth.
      The biggest problem, however, is that the company keeps changing the rules. Early on, you keep everything private. That was the great thing about facebook—you could create your own little private network. Last year, the company changed its privacy rules so that many things— your city, your photo, your friends' names—were set, by default (默认) to be shared with everyone on the Internet.
      According to Facebook’s vice-president Elliot Schrage, the company is simply making changes to improve its service, and if people don’t share information, they have a “less satisfying experience”.
      Some critics think this is more about Facebook looking to make more money. Its original business model, which involved selling ads and putting them at the side of the page, totally failed. Who wants to look at ads when they’re online connecting with their friends?
      The privacy issue has already landed Facebook in hot water in Washington. In April, Senator Charles Schumer called on Facebook to change its privacy policy. He also urged the Federal Trade Commission to set guidelines for social-networking sites. “I think the senator rightly communicated that we had not been clear about what the new products were and how people could choose to use them or not to use them,” Schrage admits.
    I suspect that whatever Facebook has done so far to invade our privacy is only the beginning, which is why I’m considering deactivating(撤销) my account(帐户). Facebook is a handy site, but I’m upset by the idea that my information is in the hands of people I don’t know. That’s too high a price to pay.
    31. What do we learn about Facebook from the first paragraph?
     A. It is a website that sends messages to targeted users.
     B. It makes money by putting on advertisements.
     C. It profits by selling its users’ personal data.
     D. It provides loads of information to its users.
    32. What does the author say about most Facebook users?
     A. They are reluctant to give up their personal information.
     B. They don’t know their personal data enriches Facebook.
     C. They don’t identify themselves when using the website.
     D. They care very little about their personal information.
    33. Why does Facebook make changes to its rules according to Elliot Schrage?
     A. To provide better service to its users.  B. To follow the Federal guidelines.
     C. To improve its users’ connectivity.    D. To expand its scope of business.
    34. What does Senator Charles Schumer advocate?
     A. Setting guidelines for advertising on websites.
     B. Banning the sharing of users’ personal information.
     C. Formulating(规划) regulations for social-networking sites.
     D. Removing ads from all social-networking sites.
    35. Why does the author plan to cancel his Facebook account?
     A. He is dissatisfied with its current service.        B. He finds many of its users untrustworthy.
     C. He doesn’t want his personal data abused(滥用). D. He is upset by its frequent rule changes.
    C
    You’re lost in the world of dreams and sleep. You roll over, smiling as you come across a swimming pool filled with chocolate. And then, your wonderful dream becomes a nightmare when someone is screaming, “Get up!” It’s just what every teenager goes through each morning!
    Now, there seems to be one school that finally understands that requiring teens to show up at 9 am is not just cruel but also harmful to both the kids and the school.
    The Monkseaton High School in North Tyneside, Britain, recently decided to experiment to see if there is any difference in student behavior if they just pushed back the start of their day by one hour, from 9 am to 10 am. And the results are surprising.
    Since carrying out the later start, Monkseaton has seen a 28% drop in truancy, even hardly any lateness, and best of all, higher test scores. One of the reasons is that the teenagers are much happier to have the extra hour of sleep, but there is also a scientific reason behind why they need the extra sleep.
    The school’s decision to push back the time was based on the research done by Oxford Professor Russell Foster, who pointed out that teenagers and adults have different sleep cycles, explaining why teenagers go to bed late and wake up late.
    While adults are wide awake and ready at 8 am, teenagers are not fully awake until 10 am, sometimes even noon. Teachers may argue that their students perform better in the morning, but in fact, it is because they are in the zone while their students are still sleepy, making the students easier to control. Memory tests prove that the more difficult classes should be in the afternoon when teenagers are most wide awake.
    The Monkseaton school officials are encouraged by the results and plan on voting to make it a permanent change.
    36. What’s the meaning of the underlined word “truancy”?
    A. grades           B. classes         C. absence          D. practice
    37. What can we learn from the passage?
    A. Teenagers and adults have the same sleep cycle.
    B. Teenagers are fully awake at 10 am as a whole.
    C. Teenagers are much happier to sleep than study.
    D. Teenagers need the extra sleep also for a scientific reason.
    38. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
    A. The Monkseaton school is satisfied with the result of experiments.
    B. It is cruel for the teenagers to show up in class at 9 am every day.
    C. The Monkseaton school plans to change the school time forever.
    D. In fact, teenagers perform better in the morning than in the afternoon.
    39. To Professor Russel Foster, the reason why the students perform better in the morning is that they are _______.
    A. energetic            B. wide awake and active   
    C. sleepy and passive     D. excited
    40. What’s the best title of this passage?
    A. Get up early, teenagers!                  B. Finally, a school understands teenagers.
    C. Why do teenagers stay up late?            D. Difference between teens and adults.  
    D
    Australian cities can keep their native wildlife — but only if they can kick their habit of urban sprawl (无计划的扩展). That’s the finding of a new study by leading Australian environmental researchers Jessica Sushinsky, Professor Hugh Possingham and Dr Richard Fuller of The University of Queensland.
    “While urban development usually reduces the number of birds in a city, building more compact (紧凑的) cities and avoiding urban sprawl can slow these reductions greatly,” says lead author Jessica Sushinsky. “Compact housing development leaves birds’ homes untouched, leading to fewer losses of birds.”
    The researchers surveyed native and wild birds in Brisbane’s urban areas, including living and industrial areas, public parks and gardens, major roadways and airports. They then used statistical modeling to find out what will happen to the birds as the city grows. The first setting was compact growth — where multiple homes are built on land that previously had only one house. The second setting was sprawling growth — a familiar pattern where homes are built here and there beyond the city’s current boundaries.
    The team’s forecasts showed that a much greater diversity of species was lost over 20 years in the sprawling setting compared to the more compact setting. “Urban sprawl resulted in the disappearance of many urban-sensitive birds — birds that only live in areas where there is native vegetation (植被), such as parklands and woodlands,” Ms Sushinsky says.
    “On the other hand, we found the city with the compact development attracted more birds because it kept more of its parks and green areas.”
    Now the Queensland Government has adopted the more compact urban growth strategy, which, Dr Richard Fuller says, is good news for Australia’s native birds. These birds are environmental specialists — they need a particular environment to do well. “While compact development means smaller backyards, it can also make our entire cities more biodiverse,” according to Dr Fuller. “The study shows that we should hold on to our green spaces instead of clearing them for sprawling development.”
    This is the first time science has modeled the effects of different urban growth strategies on birds, the researchers say. “Statistical models like these are important because they help us to understand the ecological consequences of a particular decision,” says Dr Fuller.
    41. The study deals with the relationship between ______.
    A. city development and birds      B. the environment and birds
    C. humans and wildlife            D. climate and wildlife
    42. Why is compact urban growth better than the sprawling strategy?
    A. It makes the cities more beautiful.   B. It gives people larger backyards.
    C. It is money-saving.               D. It is bird-friendly.
    43. Dr Richard Fuller thinks the Queensland Government’s action ______. 
    A. is really brave                B. is worth praising
    C. has an uncertain future         D. should be performed nationwide
    44. What can we learn about the study from the passage?
    A. It is based on the statistics in the past.
    B. It is strongly against urban development.   
    C. It criticizes the city environment in Brisbane.
    D. It suggests leaving more green spaces for birds.
    45. Where does the passage probably come from?
    A. A news report. B. A travel guide.  C. A health magazine. D. A history book.
    第二节:信息匹配(共5小题;每小题2分, 满分10分)
    阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。
    下面是一篇有关颜色偏好和性格的关系和如何根据员工性格而促进工作效率的方法
    A. GOLD   According to the True Colors system, people who choose GOLD as their primary color like to fit in or belong. They tend to be reliable people who enjoy serving others. They like tradition. Home are very important to them. They need order and structure. They don’t like waste or change .
    B. ORANGE   People who choose ORANGE as their primary color need a lot of variety and freedom. They take pride in being highly skilled. They enjoy “hand-on” work and often are good in a crisis. They are risk taker, seek challenges.
    C. YELLOW   People who choose ORANGE as their primary color are curious about everything. They are confident and knowledgeable. They love sports very much and they work high efficiently.
    D. GREEN   People who choose GREEN as their primary color are competent and want to control the realities of life. They are analytical and enjoy solving problems and developing systems. They love intelligence and logic. They are often critical of themselves and others.
    E. BLUE   People who choose BLUE as their primary color enjoy close relationships. Harmony and honesty are very important. These people are often very creative or they enjoy the creative work of others.
    F.RED    People who choose RED as their primary color are always full of energy and they tend to be confident all the time. It seems like they are ready to do anything and they will be successful. And they have a strong desire of power.
    请阅读以下根据员工性格而促进工作效率的方法的信息,然后匹配上面的信息。
    46. Creating a warm and personal working atmosphere; establishing a peaceful working environment and trying to avoid conflict; allowing them the freedom to express their felling; praising their creative approach to the job; praising them with their good jobs.
    47.  Assigning work which needs detailed planning; defining the tasks in clear terms; providing a stable work environment and avoiding sudden change; giving standard rules and regulations and set a good examples praising them with their good jobs.
    48.  Assigning work which needs analytical thinking and problem-solving; encouraging them to think independently and taking their ideas to the next step; praising them with their good jobs.
    49.  Assigning work which are action-packed, provide opportunities to be skillful and adventurous; allowing them the freedom to the job in their own ways; praising them with their good jobs.
    50.  Assigning work which needs full energy, providing opportunities for job competition, if he do well, letting him know he is very likely to get promotion, praising them with their good jobs.
         
    第三部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)
    第一节: 基础写作 (共1小题,满分15分)
    以下是网上走红的 “低碳哥”的基本情况.
     
     
     
     
     
     
    【写作内容】
    根据以上“低碳哥”的基本情况写一篇介绍,内容包括:
    1、 “低碳哥”的简要介绍及走红的时间;
    2、 他的主要做法及人们的看法
    3、你的看法
    【写作要求】
    只能使用5个句子表达全部内容。
    【评分标准】
    句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。
    参考词汇: 低碳哥Low-carbon Brother   二氧化碳 carbon dioxide
    第二节 读写任务(共1小题,满分25分)
      阅读下面短文,然后按要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。
    Right after the Second World War, Germany was in ruins. Almost all the houses, factories and schools were destroyed. Plenty of people were homeless as well as jobless. Worse still, the supply of water and electricity was often cut off in the city. Two American journalists interviewed a German family living in the basement. The husband was disabled from the war and the wife was just dismissed from a clothing company. Worse still, there were bills for them to pay—four children to care for and food to buy. Life was hard for them at that time.
    After the interview, the journalists chatted with each other on the way back to the company.
    “Do you think the Germans could rebuild their homeland?”
    “Absolutely.”
    “But I can’t see any hope for the country at all. How can you be so certain about that?”
    “Have you noticed what they put on the table in the basement? There was a vase of flowers. A nation, suffering at such moment, hasn’t forgotten about flowers. It shows that hopes are not lost. They are still able to dream. A nation with hope can create miracles. They are sure to be able to rebuild their homeland.”
    【写作内容】
    1. 以约30个词概括上文的主要内容;
    2. 以约120个词就梦想改变命运的话题谈谈你的想法,内容包括:
    (1) 你赞同文中的观点吗?
    (2) 举例证明你赞同或不赞同的原因;
    (3) 谈谈你对梦想的看法。
    【写作要求】
    1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子;
    2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。
    【评分标准】   概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。
    七校联考英语试卷中山市一中参考答案
    第一部分  语言知识及应用(共两节,满分45分)
    第一节 完形填空(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
    1—5ADDCB   6-10.CBCAB   11-15 ACDAD
    第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
    16. has contributed      17. a       18. which          19. invented      20. to save
     21. wonderful       22. that     23. towards / to      24. its        25. Though/Although
    第二部分:阅读(共两节,满分50分)
    第一节: 阅读理解 (共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
    26-30 BACBD    31-35 CB ACC    36-40 CDDCB    41-45 ADBDA  
    第二节 信息匹配 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
    46-50  EADBF
    第三部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)
    第一节: 基础写作 (共1小题,满分15分)
    Possible version:
    A young man called Low-carbon Brother became a hit one on the Internet in 2011, who suggests living a low carbon life, which means using less energy in our daily life so that we can help reduce carbon dioxide in the air. For example, he always picks up some waste paper on the street and uses the blank side to write something and while he is watching TV, he always turns down the brightness to the minimum and turns off the light. Besides, he goes to work by bike instead of driving. Some people think that what he is doing is just a show and impractical. But as far as I am concerned, I strongly support his idea and his behavior because although what he is doing has no huge effect on global warming, he at least can enjoy a healthy life.
    第二节 读写任务(共1小题,满分25分)
    One possible version:
    Two American journalists interviewed a German family after the war. Though living a poor life, the family still placed flowers on the table, which convinced a journalist that Germans were bound to rebuild their homeland.
     As is often the case, a man who can dream will try hard to overcome any difficulties in front and make it in turn. Therefore,I agree that dreams can change one’s life.
    Lisa is my friend and former classmate. She was an energetic girl who always dreamed of becoming an actress. However, at the beginning almost everyone tried to persuade her out of her dream because she was no more than 1.55 meters tall. There is no denying that actresses are usually much taller than her. However, she didn’t lose heart. With great determination, she wrote a play by herself and eventually acted as a leading role in it. The show was a success.
    As far as I am concerned, one who has a dream can see further, work harder, and gain much more. Therefore, so long as we hold fast to our dreams and make great efforts, we surely can realize our dreams or even create miracles.
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