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  • 2014年高一下学期第三次月考英语试题(有答案)

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    第 Ⅰ 卷(三部分,共100分)
    第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)
    第一节(共5小题:每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一. 个小题.,从题中所给的A. B.C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
    (   )1.What did the man do last night?
           A. He stayed in the library.
           B. He prepared for a test.
           C. He went to a party. 
    (   )2. What d oes the girl mean?
           A. She isn’t in the mood to travel.
           B. France is too far for family holiday.
           C.Family holiday no longer interests her.
    (   )3. How long has the man been waiting there?
           A. An hour .
           B. Two hours.
           C. Half an hour.
     (   )4.How long has the man graduated from college?
           A. Five years and a half.
           B. Four years and a half.
           C. Six years and a half.
     (   )5.What does the man say about Mary?
           A. Her exams have already begun.
           B. She has finished two papers.
           C.She’s trying to complete her papers.
    第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
       听下面.5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟:听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的做答时间。每段对话读两遍。
    听第6段材料.回答第6. 7题。
    (   )6. How does the man think of the bar?
           A. It is too noisy.
           B. It is very nice.
           C. The service is good.
     (   )7.Which of the following statements is TRUE?
           A. The woman often goes to parties with her friends.
           B. The man goes to Ginza(银座)on Saturdays.
           C. The man knows most of the people in the bar.
    听第7段材料.回答第8、9题。
    (   )8. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
           A. The man’s healthy.
           B. The man’s lifestyle.
           C. The man’s house.
    (   )9.What does the man have to do for his mother?
        A.Take care of her car.
            B. Look after her apartment.
            C. Pay attention to her health.
    听第8段材料,回答第I0至12题。
    (    )10. What is the woman?
               A. A doctor.
               B. A job advisor.
               C. A patient.
      (    )11. According to the woman,what’s wrong with the man?
               A. He has heart problems.
               B. He works hard.
               C. He isn’t eating well.
      (    )12. What does the woman advise the man to do ?
               A. Have a good rest.
               B. Take some medicine.
               C. Change his job.
    听第9段材料,回答第13至16题
    (    )13.What can we learn from the conversation?
               A. The man has just got married.
               B. The man will take boat to the destination.
               C. Venice is  not very famous.
      (    )14. What does the package the man chooses include?
               A. Three days’sightseeing only
               B. The travel tickets only.
               C. The entire cost.
      (    )15.How much does the tour cost?
               A. $339 per person.
               B. $678 per person.
               C. $1,356 per person.
      (    )16.What does the man think of the package?
               A. Interesting.
               B. Satisfactory.
               C. Adventurous.
    听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
    (    )17.How old is the speaker?
              A. Five.
              B. Seventeen.
              C.Twenty-two.
       (    ) 18.Why has the speaker long been looked down upon?
              A. He’s hearing-disabled.
              B. He can’t get on well with his classmates.
              C. Something is wrong with his brain.
      (    )19.What does the speaker want to prove?
              A. He’s a non-disabled person.
              B. Ha’s better at studies and sports than any other student.
              C. He’s no different from the average teenagers.
      (    )20.What makes the speaker a strong person?
              A. His physical limitation and his courage.
              B. His hard training in studies and sports.
              C. His family and school backgr ound. 
    第二节 完形填空(.:每小题1.5分.满分30分)
    I will never forget the year I was about twelve years old. My mother told us that we would not be   21   Christmas gifts because there was not enough money. I felt sad and though t, "What would I say when the other kids asked what I'd   22   ?" Just when I started to   23  that there would not be a Christmas that year, three women  24   at our house with gifts for all of us. For me they brought a doll. I felt such a sense of  25   that I would no longer have to be embarrassed when I returned to school. I wasn't   26  . Somebody had thought   27   of me to bring me a gift.
         Years later, when I stood in the kitchen of my new house, thinking how I wanted to make my   28   Christmas there special and memorable, I   29   remembered the women's visit. I decided that I wanted to create that same feeling of   30   for as many children as I could possibly reach.
         So I   31   a plan and gathered forty people from my company to help. We gathered about 125 orphans (孤儿) at the Christmas party. For every child, we wrapped colorful packages filled with toys, clothes, and school supplies,   32   with a child's name. We wanted all of them to know they were.  33  . Before I called out their names and handed them their gifts, I   34   them that they couldn't open their presents   35   every child had come forward. Finally the   36   they had been waiting for came as I called out, "One, two, three. Open your presents!" As the children opened their packages, their faces beamed and their bright smiles   37   up the room. The   38   in the room was obvious, and   39   wasn't just about toys. It was a feeling — the feeling I knew   40   that Christmas so long ago when the women came to visit. I wasn't forgotten. Somebody thought of me. I matter.
    21. A. sending      B. receiving          C. making            D. exchanging
    22. A. found       B. prepared           C. got               D. expected
    23. A. doubt       B. hope              C. suggest            D. accept
    24. A. broke in     B. settled down        C. turned up          D. showed off
    25. A. relief        B. loss               C. achievement        D. justice
    26. A. blamed      B. loved              C. forgotten           D. affected
    27. A. highly       B. little               C. poorly             D. enough
    28. A. present      B. first                C.. recent            D. previous
    29. A. hardly       B. instantly            C. regularly          D. occasionally
    30. A. strength      B. independence       C. importance         D. safety
    31. A. kept up with   B. caught up with    C. came up with      D. put up with
    32. A. none          B. few               C. some              D. each
    33. A. fine           B. special            C. helpful            D. normal
    34. A. reminded      B. guaranteed        C. convinced          D. promised
    35. A. after          B. until              C. when      。      D. since
    36. A. chance        B.  gift               C. moment           D. reward
    37. A. lit            B. took               C. burned            D. cheered
    38. A. atmosphere    B. sympathy           C. calmness          D. joy
    39. A. it            B. such              C. something           D. everybody
    40. A. by           B. till                 C. for               D. from
    第三部分阅读理解(每小题2分,满分30分)
        阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A,  B, C和D)中,选出最佳选项.并在答且卡上将该项涂黑。
    A
    One of the major problems in our economy(经济)is inflation(通货膨胀), a situation in which prices are going up faster than salary(工资). Thus, a person has to work more hours to pay for the same thing.
     For example, let’s say that this year a loaf of bread costs $1.00 and average salary in the United Sates is $10.00 per hour. That means a person could earn enough money to buy a loaf of bread in one-tenth of an hour, or six minutes. Then, halfway through the year, the price of the bread goes up to $1.25, while salary stay the same. That means that a person now has to work one-eighth of an hour—seven and a half minutes to buy the same loaf of bread.
     Now let’s say that at the end of the year, salary go up to $11.00 per hour, but the price of bread goes up to $1.50. Now a person has to work more than one-seventh of an hour—over eight minutes—to buy loaves of bread, employees will have less money left over to buy other things, Inflation means that the same money buys fewer things and everybody’s standard of living goes down, even if salaries are going up.
     Some kinds of inflation are worse than others. Moderate inflation does not distort (祖曲)relative prices or incomes seriously. Galloping inflation happens rapidly, say at a rate of 100percent or more within a year. And then there’s hyperinflation—inflation so serious that people try to get rid of their currency(货币)before prices rise further and make the money worthless. Times of hyperinflation are usually characterized by social and political disorder.
    41. The passage mainly wants to         .
     A. list major economic B. discuss something about inflation
     C. explain why bread prices increase D. state the types of inflation
    42. Why is “ a loaf of bread” repeatedly mentioned?
     A. To express dissatisfaction with the price of bread
     B. To show the effect of price changes
     C. To compare bread with other foods
     D. To explain social and political disorder
    43. What happens when prices go up but salaries remain the same?
     A. The government will do more about the economy
     B. Workers might lose their jobs if they show dissatisfaction
     C. People will save money rather than spend it.
     D. People must work longer to buy the same things
    44. Which of the following belongs to the type of moderate inflation?
     A. People try to get rid of their currency
     B. Inflation occurs at a rate of 100percent in a year
     C. Incomes and relative prices rise slightly
     D. There is social and political disorder
    B
     Everyone knows that eating too much junk food is not good to our health. Yet, what is it about junk food that is so completely irresistible(无可抗拒的)? For one thing, it’s everywhere. From chips in fast food restaurants to candy in supermarkets, junk food always seems available. Thankfully, science is now providing new clues to help us reduce snacking.
    Make friends with dainty(讲究的) eaters.
       Studies have found that people tend to increase or reduce the amount of food they eat depending on what their companions are taking in.
    See happy movies… and always get the smaller bag of popcorn(爆米花).
       According to some experts, people eat up to 29% more popcorn if they are watching a sad or serious movie, compared to when they are watching a comedy. Viewers consumed almost 200 calories more when snacking from a large bucket, as opposed to when given a medium-sized container.
    Eat breakfast.
       Nutritionists have gone back and forth(来来回回)about the question of how much to eat in the morning, but new studies suggest that consuming a good breakfast is a must. Surveys on long-term weight-loss show that two key factors in keeping weight down are eating breakfast and exercising.
    Divide your food and conquer overeating.
       Any kind of dividing your food into portions slows down your eating. Any kind of marker makes you aware of what you’re eating and of portion size. Researchers advise reallocating(再分配)snack foods into small plastic bags. It sounds simplistic, but it works.
    45.Why do people eat too much junk food though it is bad for our health?
       A. Because it’s available here and there.  B. It’s delicious from chips to candy.
       C. It’s easily taken everywhere.         D. It’s easily bought in fast food restaurants.
    46.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
       A. If people are watching a tragedy, they eat up to 29% more popcorn.
    B. People are likely to eat more food when staying with friends.
       C. Nutritionists have the same opinion about how much to eat in the morning.
       D. People prefer to snake from a large bucket.
    47.What will he or she do if he or she wants to lose weight?
       A. To eat nothing in the morning.          B. To get up early and to go to bed late.
       C. To eat breakfast and exercise.           D. To snack from a medium-size bucket.
    48.What is the text mainly about the rule(s)?
    A. how to make friends with dainty eaters.  B. how much to eat in the morning.
    C. how to control overeating.             D. how to eat properly and healthily.
    C
     “If you talk to the plants, they will grow faster and the effect is even better if you’re a woman.” Researchers at Royal Horticultural Society carried out an experiment to find that the voice of a woman gardener makes plants grow faster.
       The experiment lasted a month and by the end of the study scientists managed to discover that tomato plants grew up two inches taller when women gardeners talked to them instead of male.
       Sarah Darwin was the one making the plants registered the best growth. Her voice was the most “inspiring” for plants than those of nine other gardeners when reading a passage from The Origin of Species. The great-great-granddaughter of the famous botanist(植物学家) Charles Darwin found that her plant grew about two inches taller than the plant of the best male gardener.
       Colin Crosbie, Garden Superintendent at RHS, said that the finding cannot yet be explained. He assumes that women have a greater range of pitch(音高) and tone(音调) which might have a certain effect on the sound waves that reach the plant. “Sound waves are an environmental effect just like rain or light ,”said Mr Grosbie.
    The study began in April at RHS Garden Wisley in Survey. Scientists started with open auditions(听力) for the people who were asked to record passages from Jo hn Wyndham's The Day of the Triffids, Shakespeare’s A Midsummer's Night Dream and Darwin's The Origin of Species.[来源:Z,xx,k.Com]
    Afterwards researchers selected a number of different voices and played them to 10 tomato plants during a period of a month. Each plant had headphones(耳机) connected to it. Through the headphones the sound waves could hit the plants. It was discovered that plants that “listened” to female voices on average grew taller by an inch in comparison to plants that heard male voices.
    Miss Darwin said, “I think it is an honor to have a voice that can make tom atoes grow, and especially fitting because for a number of years I have been studying wild tomatoes from the Galapagos Island at the Natural History Museum in London.”
    49.What does the passage talk about?
        A. Plants enjoy men’s voices than women’s.
        B. A botanical experiment in a museum.
        C. Voice’s influence on plant growing.
        D. Strange phenomenon(现象) at Royal Horticultural Society.
    50.What does the underlined sentence in paragraph 4 mean?
       A. Plants need sound as well as rain and light.
       B. Sound is basic for the plant to grow.
       C. Sound has a good effect as rain or light does.
    D. Plants can’t live without sound, rain or light.
    51.Sarah Darwin is most likely a (an)_____.
       A. botanist      B. gardener    C. astronomer    D. environmentalist
    52.What can we learn from the passage?
       A. The experiment ended in May.  
    B. Scientist can explain the findings clearly.
      C. Plants enjoy listening to the passages from masterpieces.
       D. The findings are of great importance to human beings.
    D
    A small piece of fish each day may keep the heart doctor away. That’s the finding of a study of Dutch men in which deaths from heart disease were more than 50 percent lower among those who consumed at least an ounce of salt water fish per day compared to those who never ate fish.
    The Dutch research is one of three human studies that give strong scientific support to the long held belief that eating fish can provide health benefits, particularly to the heart.
    Heart disease is the number-one killer in the United States, with more than 550,000 deaths occurring from heart attacks each year. But researchers previously have noticed that the incidence (发生率) of heart disease is lower in cultures that consume more fish than Americans do. There are fewer heart disease deaths, for example, among the Eskimos of Greenland, who consume about 14 ounces of fish a day, and among the Japanese, whose daily fish consumption averages more than 3 ounces.
    For 20 years, the Dutch study followed 852 middle-aged men, 20 percent of whom ate no fish.
    At the start of the study,  average fish consumption was about two-thirds of an ounce each day, with more men eating lean fish than fatty fish.
    During the next two decades, 78 of the men died from heart disease. The fewest deaths were among the group who regularly ate fish, even at levels far lower than those of the Japanese or Eskimos. This relationship was true regardless of other factors such as age, high blood pressure, or blood cholesterol(胆固醇)levels.
    53. The passage is mainly about _________.
    A. the high incidence of heart diseas e in some countries
    B. the changes in people’s diet
    C. the effect of fish eating on people’s  health   
    D. the daily fish consumption of people in different cultures
    54. We can infer from the passage that there are fewer heart disease deaths ________.
    A. in the countries with high consumption of fish 
    B. in highly-developed countries
    C. in countries of the yellow-skin race  
    D. in the countries with good production of fish
    55. The phrase “this relationship” in paragraph 6 refers to the connection between ______ and the incidence of heart disease.
    A. the amount of fish eaten    B. regular fish-eating
    C. the kind of fish eaten     D. people of different areas
    七选五共10分每小题2分
     Many people think of guys as being carefree when it comes to their appearance. But in fact, a lot of guys spend plenty of time in front of the mirror.    56    .
        Body image is a person’s opinions and feelings about his or her own body and physical appearance.     57   . You appreciate your body for its capabilities and accept its imperfections.
        So, what can you do to develop a positive body image? Here are some ideas:
        Recognize your strengths. Different body types are good for different things. What does your body do well? Maybe your speed, strength, or coordination makes you better than others at a certain sport. That may be basketball, table tennis, mountain biking, dancing, or even running. Or perhaps you have non-sports skills, like drawing, painting, singing, playing a musical instrument, writing, or acting.      58   .
        Exercise regularly. Exercise can help you look good and feel good about yourself. Good physiques (体形) don’t just happen.     59    . A healthy habit can be as simple as exercising 20 minutes to one hour three days a week. Working out can also lift your spirits.
          Respect your body! Pra cticing good habits --- regular showering; taking care of your teeth, hair, and skin; wearing clean clothes, and so on --- can help you build a positive body image.
           60     . Your body is just one part of who you are. Your talent for comedy, a quick wit (智慧), and all the other things make you unique. So try not to let small imperfections take over.
    A. Use this as an opportunity to discover what you’re good at.
    B. Be yourself.
    C. They care just as much as girls do about their body image. 
    D. Just explore talents that you feel good about.
    E. They take hard work, regular workouts, and a healthy diet.
    F. The good news is that self-image and body image can be changed.
    G. Having a positive body image means feeling satisfied with the way you look.
    第 ⅠI 卷
    语法填空 (共10分每小题1分) 
    One day, Nick invited his friends to supper. He was cooking some delicious food in the kitchen. Suddenly, he   6 1    ( find ) that he had run out of salt. So Nick called to his son, “Go to the village and buy some salt, but pay a fair price for it; neither too much   6 2     too little.”
    His son looked s urprised. “I can understand why I shouldn’t pay too much, Father, but if I can pay less,    63      not save a bit of money?”
    “That would be a very    64    ( reason ) thing to do in a big city, but it could destroy a small village like ours,” Nick said.
    Nick’s guests,     65      had heard their conversation, asked why they should not buy salt more cheaply if they could. Nick replied, “The only reason a man would sell salt   66     a lower price would be because he was desperate for money. And anyone who took advantage of that situation would be showing a lack of respect    67    the sweat and struggle of the man who worked very hard to produce it.”
    “But such a small thing couldn’t     6 8     ( possible ) destroy a village.”
    “In the beginning, there was only    69     very small amount of unfairness in the world, but everyone added a little, always    70    ( think ) that it was only small and not very important, and look where we have ended up today.”
    单词拼写(共10分每小题1分)
    71.When I said some people were stupid, I wasn’t_____ _(谈到)to you.
    72.There is still much to discuss. We shall,______,(因此)return to this item at our next meeting.
    73.If you don’t know how to ______(表现)yourself at table in a foreign country, you should copy the host.
    74.Rumours began to ______(流传)about his financial problems.
    75.______(幸亏)to you timely help, we have got over the difficulties.
    76.______(满意)with the experimental result, the professor nodded his head.
    77.A terrible accident occurred on the high way,______(导致)to seven deaths.
    78.Dr.Yuan searched for a way to increase rice harvests without______(扩展)the area of the fields.
    79.People are______(困惑)about all the different labels on food these days.
    80.My family have lived in this house for______(祖祖辈辈).
    短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
    文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线〔\〕划掉。
    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
    I’m a middle school student. I’m upset these days because my parents. They pay too much attention on my stud y. I have to report my test results to them every time. If I get good grades they will happy and satisfied. But if not they will be worrying about me, especially my mom. I never want to let them down, but she has made a plan for my future. I was very bored with it and don’t know how to do. I know they really love me. I also know knowledges is important for everybody. Therefore, I can’t stand they are always making me to study. I really expect they can understand me.
    书面表达(满分20分)
    最近你校聘请了一名外籍教师,名叫Laura。校长安排她给你们上了一堂关于women heroes的课,课后她给你们布置了一个任务:写一篇题目为My Mother- A  Woman I Admire Most的短文。
    内容要点:
         1.母亲生在农村,受过高等教育,
    2.是一位大学老师。
    3.我成长的良师益友
    4.母亲爱家里的每一个人。
    注意:
    1. 开头已给出,不计入字数。
    2. 可适当添加细节,使行文连贯。
    3. 词数100左右。
    My Mother- A Woman I Admire Most
    The woman whom I admire most is my mother.
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